Hyperpigmentation: Causes, Symptoms, Types, And Treatments
Hyperpigmentation is a condition of the skin where due to an increase of melanin, brown pigments are produced on the skin. These pigmentation patches on the skin can be of any size and can be black or brown in color. This skin condition can occur to all skin types.
What Are the Causes of Hyperpigmentation?
There are a number of reasons that cause people to go through hyperpigmentation:
- One of the causes of hyperpigmentation is overexposure to the sun. Usually melanin present in our body protects us from the harmful rays of the sun but when people stay out in the sun for too long, it disrupts the natural process of the body and causes hyperpigmentation.
- Another cause is hormonal reasons, also known as melasma. This is usually common in the pregnant women where the production of female sex hormones results in an increase of melanin, which due to exposure of sun causes further problems.
- It can also be a side effect of medications like hormone treatments, chemotherapy drugs, antimalarials, anti-seizures, and some antibiotics. Henna dyes, tattoos, burns, and chemical exposure can also be the cause.
The symptoms are simply dark patches that appear on the skin.
Types of Hyperpigmentation
There are mainly three types of hyperpigmentation:
Melasma, sunspots and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.
Melasma is caused by hormonal reasons such as pregnancy, sunspots are related to overexposure to the sun and poster-inflammatory hyperpigmentation is due to an injury such as a burn or chemical exposure.
Some people think that if they are going through hyperpigmentation then they should leave it and one day it will fade away. That is not true and one should actively try to find treatments to care for their skin and restoring it. One of the common treatments given by the doctors is the use of chemicals which gradually peel the affected skin off. At first, these chemicals may make the skin red and blister but over the time a new and fresh skin will take its place.
Treatments in a spa can also help with hyperpigmentation, such as chemical peels and dermaplaning. Chemical peels have been used for decades to revitalize skin. They involve applying an acid solution (glycolic,lactic or salycilic acid) to remove the damaged outer layers of skin and revealing a younger, clear and more radiant skin. More than one treatment is suggested for better results. Dermaplaning is a physical exfoliation that utilizes a specialized instrument designed to remove accumulated dead skin cells and vellous hair for brighter, softer skin that glows with renewed health; a reduction in the appearance of fine lines, hyper pigmentation and acne scars.
Skincare lines also produce great products to help with age spots and uneven pigmentation, such as the Circadia Licorice and Bearberry Brightening Mist and the Bright White Serum favorites amongst the estheticians at Currie Hair, Skin and Nails.