Everything You need to Know About Alopecia Areata
Alopecia is a common hair disease that is associated with localized hair loss patterns in the head. The hair loss pattern in normally is a circular or irregular region. You may experience spots of baldness on your hair scalp that may range from size of a small to a big coin. Alopecia is observed mostly in adult men.
If you find bald scalp patches on the sides, rear head or on the top side of your skull then it is surely alopecia areata. It may also affect your beard hair. Small bald patches in the beard regions are signs of this skin-borne disease.
Children of young ages may also experience alopecia areata. It can be found on any part of your body with round or oval shaped bald patches that may or may not cause pain in the affected region. The hair around the affected patches is weak; and if you try to pull the hair around the patch, it is very easy to pull them out as compared to the other healthy parts of your head. Your physician can easily diagnose this common disease in the first visit.
The main causes of alopecia areata may be:
1. Systematic Auto-Immune Disorder is the main cause of alopecia areata. A person having this disorder has suppressed growth of hair in certain regions of the body. It is due to the hormonal imbalance in the body. The genetic issues may also be associated with male pattern alopecia areata.
2. Psychological stress is also believed to be the root cause of alopecia areata in some cases. The people with this disease may experience social pressures, anxieties and depression.
There are a number of ways to treat alopecia areata. Moreover, there is no certified treatment yet found for completely rooting out this disease. However, some of the most commonly observed treatments are:
1. Oil massage can prove to be very effective sometimes. You should add coconut, almond, mustard oil in equal proportions and massage your hair with it. It can help re-grow hair in the regions of rough and bald patches. The massage will increase the blood circulation to the affected areas and ultimately help nourish the hair follicles.
2. Corticosteroid injections can do magic if you are having mild form of alopecia areata. Your physician will inject small quantities of corticosteroid in the hair scalp. It can help re-grow hair in a considerable amount of time. There are a few side effects of using these medications, if your scalp responds well to corticosteroid then it’s well and good, otherwise you have to look for other options.
Alopecia areata is a very serious hair scalp problem that has to be dealt carefully. Small bald patches may become permanent if left untreated. Therefore, it is highly recommended that you should consult your doctor for the best possible solution of your hair problem.